Young trees up to 4-8 inches with smooth gray bark. Silvery gray on young trees breaking into long thin scaly plates that give the trunks of older trees a very shaggy appearance. 130-150 years. Like all maples, the leaves, buds and twigs of all four are attached in pairs opposite each other along the branches. One of the few exceptions is European larch which loses its needles in winter. The twigs and buds of Red Maple trees are reddish. Don’t confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. Acer rubrum, the red maple, also known as swamp, water or soft maple, is one of the most common and widespread deciduous trees of eastern and central North America. Under natural conditions, silver maple is primarily a bottomland and floodplain species, where it may occur in pure stands but is more commonly found associated with other bottom species such as American elm, sweetgum, pin oak, swamp white oak, eastern cottonwood, sycamore, and/or green ash. Click on “identify” and then select the image that looks most like the plant you are trying to identify. They can grow as high as 50 feet. Red maple tree (Acer rubrum) varieties have distinctive palmate-shaped, green foliage that turns brilliant shades of red in fall. If the tree is mature and the bark is still smooth, the tree may be a hornbeam, ivy-leafed, Manchurian, Amur or mountain maple. Compared to sugar and black maple, red maple is a relatively short-lived tree, rarely living longer than 150 years. The cankers of this fungus will look like small shallow depressions on the bark with warts in the center of ea… Red maple leaves grow to be two to six inches wide, with three lobes. Sugar and black maples are found on a variety of soils and site conditions, but neither tolerates excessively wet or dry sites, and both grow best on moist, deep, well-drained soils. Leaf colors ranges from light green to almost white in color. Because of its fast growth rate, however, mature trees can achieve diameters in excess of 3 feet and heights in excess of 100 feet. The red maple tree has a slightly pyramidal shape and ascending branches when it’s young but develops a more rounded canopy as it matures. It is also known as Scarlet Maple, Swamp Maple, Soft Maple, Carolina Red Maple, and Water Maple. It is not unusual to find many trees in a sugar bush well in excess of 3 percent, and occasionally higher. Red Maple Tree Identification. The twigs should be smooth, slender and slightly glossy, starting out green in spring but turning reddish in autumn. The two most common maples are the sugar maple (Acer saccharum) and the red maple (Acer rubrum).Other popular varieties of maple trees for gardens are the Amur Maple (Acer ginnala), Big Leaf Maple (Acer macrophyllum), and the Hedge Maple tree (Acer campestre).The most famous product from maple trees is the sweet maple … Throughout much of the commercial maple region, however, most maple producers will not tap silver maple. It normally grows to a mature height of about 50 feet. Hard maples grow very slowly and live a long time. Red maple wood is soft and often deformed, which means that only the best specimens can be used for making sturdy products like furniture and flooring. From the perspective of producing maple syrup, red maple's most attractive characteristic is its ability to thrive on a wide variety of site conditions. While most of these species are probably tapped to some extent, at least by hobbyists, sugar and black maple, along with red maple (Acer rubrum), provide most of the commercial sap. Norway Maple This type of maple tree originally breeds from Europe. Maples are deciduous trees characterized by opposite leaf arrangement and spectacular fall color. Nevertheless, large silver maple street trees are numerous in many areas and these are sometimes tapped as part of a sugaring operation. It is important to emphasize that good, high-quality maple syrup can be made from red maple sap. Neither of these species is commonly tapped. These four species share several characteristics in common. You’ll find red maple trees growing mainly in eastern North America, in a wide range of soil types but thriving in acidic soils. Red maple is commonly tapped in certain geographic areas, particularly in the southern and western portions of the commercial maple range. All Rights Reserved. Study the flowers and fruits to identify the female red maple tree. Other things being equal, higher sap sugar content translates to lower costs of production and greater profits. With all of the variations, it’s hard to pinpoint a few obvious features that make a tree a maple. The fruits, which ripen in May or June, are winged pairs of seeds that are ½ to 1 inch long and red or greenish, turning tan at maturity. The red maple occupies one of the largest eastern north-south ranges in North America—from Canada to the tip of Florida. Both species are relatively long lived, capable of living well beyond 200 years, with trunk diameters greater than 30 inches and heights greater than 100 feet. Noteworthy Characteristics. The red maple is usually a medium-sized tree with a moderate growth rate. The tree is very tolerant and grows in nearly any condition. Plantations of sugar maple have also been established with the intent of developing efficient, productive sugar bushes. margin. Red maple has a highly variable leaf shape, and some can look similar to sugar maple, but they are easily distinguished by serrations and the color of the leaf underside. A somewhat shiny, brownish, slender, relatively smooth twig with. Probably no other species of forest tree, certainly no hardwood, can thrive on a wider variety of soil types and sites. Sugar and black maple are very similar species and unquestionably the most preferred species for producing maple products, primarily because of their high sugar content. Sugar and black maple both grow in the shade of other trees (they are shade tolerant), and trees of many different ages (sizes) are often found in a forest. The leaf edges have small, sharp teeth. — Beta Version, getting better every day. Leaves with a serrated edge or with tooth-like shapes around the margins are called toothed leaves. The tree ranges in its stemming quality – it could be shrubby, multi-stemmed tree or a single-stemmed tree. One exotic maple, Norway maple (Acer platanoides), is commonly planted as an ornamental and street tree and will attain tapable size. The sugar maple tree (Acer saccharum) grows abundantly in the northeastern part of North America: the northeastern United States (including as far south as Tennessee) and the southeastern portion of Canada.Sugar maples produce strong timber and yield maple syrup, and both commodities contribute considerably to the economy of the region. The Amur maple is one of the smaller trees in the Acer genus. Similar to sugar maple but twig surface with small warty growths (lenticels, which are not raised much above the bark surface in sugar maple) and often more hairy buds. Maple Tree Leaf Identification. Mature trees commonly average between 20 and 30 inches in diameter and 60 and 90 feet tall. Young trees up to 4-8 inches with a smooth light gray bark, developing into gray or black ridges and ultimately narrow scaly plates. Similar to sugar maple with, perhaps, a slightly larger seed. It is most easily identified by the opposite paired arrangement of its leaves and branches and its 3lobed leaf with coarse teeth. Toothed leaves. One either taps red maple or they don't sugar. Sugar maple occurs naturally throughout most of the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.6). For this reason, it has been widely planted as an ornamental and street tree. There are thirteen native maple species in North America (Table 3-1). This species grows 30 to 90 feet tall and up to 4 feet in diameter. Silver maple is a rapidly growing maple found throughout much of the eastern United States and extreme southeastern Canada, where it is often tapped (sometimes heavily) in a particular location (Figure 3.9). Description. 5-7 inches wide; deeply clefted; 5-lobed with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip; light green upper surface and a silvery white underside; leaf margin with fine teeth (but not the inner edges of the sinuses). The silver maple's leaves don't turn a bright red or orange in fall--they turn a yellowish-brown. Nectria cinnabarina canker This maple tree disease can be identified by its pink and black cankers on the bark and typically affects parts of the trunk that were weak or dead. To make maple tree identification a little easier, let’s begin by dividing them into two main groups: hard and soft maples. As maples begin their growth, chemical changes occur in the sap which make it unsuitable for syrup production. Winter buds, clusters of small winter spring flowers, leaf stems, twigs, and winged summer fruits are all reddish colored. If the foliage on the tree is needles or scales then you are probably looking at a conifer. Trees of North Carolina A Free, On-Line Plant Identification tool Featuring native and naturalized trees of North Carolina. Red maple is one of the most abundant and widespread hardwood trees in North America (Figure 3.8). Look at the twigs to spot red maple trees. Table 3-2 contains a descriptive comparison and Figures 3.2 through 3.5 illustrate characteristic leaves, bark, twigs, and fruits of sugar, black, red and silver maple. Sugar and black maple have the highest sap sugar content of any of the native maples. Both species can be found growing in pure stands, with each other, or with a wide variety of other hardwood species including American beech, American basswood, yellow birch, black cherry, northern red oak, yellow poplar and black walnut. On good sites with little competition from other trees, silver maple diameter growth may approach 1/2 inch per year (rates as high as 1 inch per year have been recorded). Because sugar and black maple resume growth later than red or silver maple, sap may be collected later in the spring. It is recognized by the opposite paired arrangements of its leaves and branches, its 7lobed leaf without marginal teeth, and its 11/2 to 2 inch long samara with divergent wings (Figure 3.12). Study the bark to identify the red maple tree. The bark on young red maples is smooth and light gray, while older red maples have darker, rougher bark that peels off in scaly plates or flakes. Winged seed approximately 1" long. Black maple, on the other hand, occupies a much smaller natural range (Figure 3.7). Second, like red maple, it begins growth in the spring, earlier than sugar and black maple, resulting in a shorter collecting season. Red maple trees can grow to be 90 feet tall. Thinning or release cutting dramatically reduces this age-to-tapable-size. There are about 128 species of maple trees in the Acer plant genus. Red Maple trees have an erect, single trunk. In scientific classification of Red Maple Tree, Family is … Similar to red maple but bruised or scraped bark has a very fetid or foul odor. Name: Acer rubrum. Most conifer trees have needles or scales present all year that can be used for identification. It is a very popular landscape tree but is considered invasive … Fruits mature in fall. The red maple ranges from southeastern Manitoba around the Lake of the Woods on the border with Ontario and Minnesota, east to Newfoundland, south to Florida, and southwest to eastern Texas. Identify the red maple tree by its habitat. They should not be confused with the desirable maple species when performing management practices such as thinning or release cuts. Plan the perfect garden with our interactive tool →, red maple tree image by Giovanni Aquaro from, the red maple leaf image by Ken Pilon from, red maple tree in Maine image by Jorge Moro from, The Village of Waterford, Virginia: Maple Trees. One of the most common hardwood tree species in North America, the red maple (Acer rubrum) is a favorite landscape tree due to its brilliant reddish-orange foliage in autumn. Silver maple's growth rate often responds dramatically to thinning or release cutting. Like other maples, the branches of Red Maples are opposite, meaning that the branches are directly across, or opposite, each from other. Plant red maple in full sun or partial shade. Spot the red maple tree by studying its size. In some areas of the commercial maple range, red maple is the only maple present on many sites. Samaras are also distinctive. Identify the red maple tree by its leaves, which are 2 to 6 inches wide with three to five shallow lobes. First, its sugar content is usually lower than red maple's, perhaps as much as 1/2 percent or more, which means even higher production costs and lower profits. Distinguishing between sugar and black maple is best done by comparing the leaf structure (particularly the number of lobes, droopiness and presence or absence of stipules along base of petiole) and by the degree of bumpiness of the twigs. Northeast United States & Southern Canada, Northeast United States & Southeast Canada, Southeast United States Coastal Plain & Piedmont. A fourth maple species, silver maple (Acer saccharinum), is sometimes tapped, particularly in roadside operations, and is often confused with red maple. Its use as an ornamental and street tree, at least in urban areas, has been discontinued in recent years because the wood of silver maple is very brittle and often breaks in severe wind, snow or ice storms. In winter, buds are easily distinguished. First, the sap sugar content of red maple will be less, on the average, than that of nearby comparable sugar or black maples, perhaps by 1/2 percent or more. 2-6 inches wide; 3lobed (occasionally weakly 5-lobed); sharply V-shaped sinuses; small sharp teeth along. Depending on the species of tree, the toothed edges can be so fine that you have to look close to notice them. Distinguishing between them may be more of an academic exercise than one useful in sugar bush management because (1) they are essentially identical in quality as sugar trees, and (2) they often hybridize producing trees with a range of characteristics, making it difficult to clearly distinguish between them. Red Sunset is a red maple cultivar with superior fall color and good branch structure. Identification: Black spots that range in size from a pin-prick to size of a half dollar (4 cm).Some reports say that the spots can get as big as two inches. Identifying a silver maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.5) is done from the leaves by observing the 5 lobes with the sides of the terminal lobe diverging toward the tip, the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves, the presence of fine teeth along the margin but not on the inner sides of the sinuses and the silvery white underside; from the bark of older trees by the trunk's shaggy appearance; from the twigs by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the presence of a fetid or foul odor when the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its V-shape and size. Smaller in height and width, Crimson King grows to about 10 metres and is a narrower and more upright in shape, (hence its name) making it a good choice for a smaller garden. The plant flowers in mid-spring. The red flowers grow in dense clusters beginning in March or April, before the leaves emerge. The commercial production of maple products in North America occurs primarily in the northeastern United States and southeastern Canada (Figure 3.1). Like the red maple, silver maple is a relatively short-lived tree when compared to the sugar or black maple, living perhaps. Considerable red is seen in bark pattern as scales develop. Norway maple and red maple are easy to distinguish at any time of year. It can also grow in rocky landscapes. Growing Conditions: Full Sun, Partial Shade. Striped maple (Acer pensylvanicum) and mountain maple (Acer spicatum) are two other native maples that are found growing within the commercial maple range (Figures 3.10 and 3.11). Like sugar and black maple, red maple is shade tolerant and is found in both even-aged and uneven-aged forests. Don't confuse the red maple with the silver maple tree, both of which have similar leaves with whitish undersides. The flowers are upright and green, yellow, or red in color depending on species, and the fruit appears in winged clusters which hold the seeds of this self-pollinating tree. Once established, it will have some drought resistance. Thinning or release cutting will substantially shorten the age-to-tapable-size. Sarah Terry brings over 10 years of experience writing novels, business-to-business newsletters and a plethora of how-to articles. Identifying a tree as a red maple (Table 3.2, Figure 3.4) is done from the leaves by observing the 3 lobes (occasionally 5), the paired opposite arrangement of the leaves and the small teeth along the margin; from the bark of older trees by the presence of the scaly plates; from the twig by observing the paired opposite arrangement of the buds, the relatively short, blunt, rounded, red terminal bud and the lack of an offensive odor when the bark of the twig is bruised or scraped; and from the fruit by observing its severe V-shape and size. Similar to sugar maple but usually darker and more deeply grooved or furrowed. Caused By: Fungi that tends to hide in leaf debris.Specific species include Rhytisma acerinum, R. americanum, and R. Horseshoe-shaped double-winged fruit with parallel or slightly divergent wings. Maple trees have pointed lobes, whereas white oak tree leaves have a rounded lobe shape. In the summer, they’ll be light green with a whitish underside. One distinction between the two maple tree types is the rate of growth. The most widespread maple in eastern North America and ubiquitous in both the urban and forest landscape. Also, the silver maple’s twigs have a foul odor when crushed. Red maple transplants easily at any age, has an oval shape and is a fast grower with strong wood and grows into a medium-large tree of about 40' to 70'. Crimson King is a cultivar of the Norway Maple, Acer platanoides ‘Crimson King’. Stem Another excellent method of identification is to examine the stem of the red maple … Both species are also found in stands composed of trees that are essentially all the same age (size). Third, like red maple, the evaporation of sap from some silver maples produces an excessive amount of sugar sand.
2020 red maple tree identification