Each seedling will usually require 1/3 gallon of water twice per week but they may need to be watered more frequently, depending on temperatures and humidity. Transplant them into slightly larger containers if they become root-bound. Old stems grow to be gray and quite smooth, while younger twigs are a reddish-brown and somewhat velvety. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. They make excellent wildlife shrubs because they provide shelter and food for birds and small mammals. Hardy From Zone: Hardy To Zone: ? fire in the landscape. Plant in shrub border, hedgerow or screen. Grows in colonies resulting from stems sprouting from roots. Butterflies nectar at the flowers. The leaves of this plant are a source of black ink. Very similar to Staghorn Sumac in form and function with the main difference being the smooth new growth on this species. Bud Color - Gray-brown. It is extremely drought tolerant and is often found in disturbed areas, open woodlands, prairies, on dry rocky hillsides, and in canyons. It is found in most regions of NC. It could be used as a hedge in an area where it is allowed to spread. It grows just 5-7 feet tall and 6-10 feet wide. It is extremely drought tolerant and is often found in disturbed areas, open woodlands, prairies, on dry rocky hillsides, and in canyons. Similar to Staghorn sumac but shorter. Smooth and staghorn sumacs are tall and rangy, with gorgeously red conical fruit heads (tarty and delicious) appearing in late summer,” writes Marie. form a strategic partnership called N.C. Committee’s Top Ten picks of native plants for a particular purpose. The staghorn sumac plants produce a milky latex that will stain your clothes dark brown. You may unsubscribe at any time. Rhus copallina latifolia 'Prairie Flame' is a dwarf selection of shining sumac introduced by Morton Arboretum. Native Environment: Savanna / Woodland, Prairie. Above: Photograph by Marie Viljoen. Season of Interest: Late (July - frost) Main Color: Green. of native plants for a particular purpose. Its leaves also have saw-toothed edges, unlike poison sumac. Dark green and smooth above and pale beneath with a waxy coating. Smooth Sumac (Rhus glabra) General Description A large, loose, open-spreading shrub with a flattish crown. Compact clusters of dark red, velvety berries form August-September. While poison sumac likes to grow … Growing Sumac From Seed According to the Macphail … Why to Grow It. We do not share email addresses. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Will colonize into small groupings of short, low branches trees. It's no wonder the Smooth Sumac is the only shrub to be native to all 48 of the contiguous United States. We do not share email addresses. Grow Native! So while sumac fruit is not really a favorite wildlife food, it is an important winter survival food. Download Sumac trees stock photos. Fall Color: Orange, Red, Yellow. It sprouts easily and grows rapidly. Yes, there is such a thing as poison sumac, but it’s a pretty rare plant, growing primarily in wetlands. Cooperative Extension prohibits discrimination and harassment on the basis of race, color, national origin, age, sex (including pregnancy), disability, religion, sexual orientation, gender identity, and veteran status. The First Nation civilization and major economic center known as Cahokia, an extensive city and network of commerce among many ancient peoples in the Midwest, had quite the reach and influence all along the Mississippi River – including the Upper Mississ… Outstand-ing red fall color. Picked out your plants? Hardiness Zones. Leaves and Buds Bud Arrangement - Alternate. Individual flowers are 1/4 inch and five-petaled. You might not know it, but sumac-ade (made from either smooth sumac Rhus glabra, or staghorn sumac Rhus typhina) is in fact a tasty herbal relic and beverage straight from the Iowa area of ancient times, as well as the rest of the heart of the Midwest. Staghorn sumac bark is smooth, thin, dark gray, and the inner bark, which is slightly sweet to chew on, is light green. Of these, smooth sumac (Rhus glabra), is one of the most beautiful but unappreciated plants of the season. Water them when the top of the soil begins to dry. Heat and drought tolerant. Smooth sumac often grows in stands and seems to like sunny banks. In a garden setting, sumac’s bare lower trunks offer architectural interest in spring and summer, while its feathery compound leaves create a dense screen of green foliage. It can be rejuvenated by cutting to the ground. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753Content ownership Missouri Prairie Foundation. Even in poor soil, it usually makes good growth and requires little care. If there are desirable plants in the vicinity, do not allow the spray on them. Full sun (6 or more hours of direct sunlight a day), Partial Shade (Direct sunlight only part of the day, 2-6 hours), 3a, 3b, 4a, 4b, 5b, 5a, 6a, 6b, 7a, 7b, 8a, 8b, 9b, 9a, 1/4 inch red fruit covered in red sticky hairs in clusters from Aug. to October on female plants. Smooth sumac is less widely planted, because it can spread aggressively from its tough rootstocks and can be tough to eradicate. Smooth Sumac. Soil Moisture. Berries attract birds. Bud Size - Small, round-ovoid with leaf scar almost completely encircling the bud, pubescent. All states in the USA and parts of Canada. Compound leaves are shiny dark green on top and almost white on the undersides. This plant provides nectar for pollinators. Prairie Flame is a male clone, so it develops panicles of yellow-green flowers in summer but does not fruit. The sumac is a considered a small tree or shrub, growing on average about 15 feet tall. Nature Hills offer several varieties of sumacs. Rub the berries around with your hands, then let soak for about half an hour. Rhus glabra is a deciduous Shrub growing to 3 m (9ft) by 3 m (9ft) at a medium rate. The Smooth Sumac is one of the easiest and hardiest plants to have in your garden. Flower Description: Clusters of flowers are small, yellow-green and each flower forms into a berry on the erect cluster. Sumac (pronounced (/ ˈ sj uː m æ k /) or (/ ˈ s uː m æ k /), and also spelled sumach, sumak, soumak, and sumaq) is any one of about 35 species of flowering plants in the genus Rhus and related genera, in the family Anacardiaceae.It grows in subtropical and temperate regions throughout the world, especially in East Asia, Africa, and North America. It … If they are too close, cover them temporarily with a plastic bag. Food/Birds, Food/Pollinators, Butterfly / Moth Nectar. Alternate, compound leaves are 16-24 inches long with 11-31 sessile leaflets that are lanceolate to oblong-lanceolate and up to 4 inches long and 1 inch wide. Smooth Sumac is a native deciduous shrub appearing in every state and parts of Canada growing 9-15 feet tall and wide. Grow them in containers in bright indirect sunlight until fall. Insects, Diseases, or Other Plant Problems: No serious insect or disease problems. P.O. Occurs in upland prairies, thickets, fence rows, idle fields, borders and openings of woods, disturbed sites, roadsides, and along railroads. It has some susceptibility to leaf spot, rust, scale, aphids and mites. Set them in direct morning sunlight for gradually longer periods of time in early fall. plants) Sun Exposure Full Sun. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Mix it in a spray jug in the ratio reccommended in the directions, then spray it on only the sumac shoots. 5-10 inch long panicles of yellowish-green flowers bloom in May to July, with separate male and female flowers appearing on separate plants (dioecious). Red to orange fall color is excellent. Emails send from the Missouri Prairie Foundation. You can differentiate the species by the fact that the branches of staghorn sumac have a furry texture. Smooth sumac (Rhus glabra) and staghorn sumac (R. typhina) are the most common and readily available landscape species. They prefer full sun, and although they are often seen growing on slopes and in light, sandy soil, they are very adaptable to all types of light and soil conditions. It is in flower from July to August, and the seeds ripen from September to November. Staghorn sumac has bright orange or red berries growing at the edge of its stems. A good choice for difficult sites, mass plantings, screening and highways plantings. It thrives in dry, well drained, soils and full sun. The large compound leaves have an excellent orange to red fall color. Smooth Sumac is a valuable native plant throughout the northern United States. Very adaptable. The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Smooth sumac is equally at home on moist rich soil or dry sandy hills in East Texas, west to the Edwards Plateau and Rolling Plains, into New Mexico and Oklahoma, north through Colorado, Utah, Oregon into British Columbia to Quebec and south to Arkansas, Louisiana and Florida. Sumacs get lonely, so you never see them growing alone. May be steeped for tea. It is similar to smooth sumac, except the leaves are untoothed. This large shrub has compound leaves, meaning each leaf is composed of several leaflets. Federal Tax ID: 23-7120753. It is hardy to zone (UK) 2 and is not frost tender. Wonderful for naturalizing in the landscape. Bark of major branches is brownish-gray to reddish-brown and more smooth. Pigment can also be obtained from the wood of this plant and if used in the textile, toy, and paper industry. Its fruits are eaten by songbirds, white-tailed deer, opossums, wild turkeys and quail. Use only with permission. “All sumac foliage turns intensely scarlet in fall.” More than 200 species of sumac exist. Smooth Sumac tends to spread by suckers and forms dense colonies but is an important winter wildlife food source. The dark green summer foliage turns an excellent yellow to orange-red-purple combinations in fall. How to Harvest and Preserve Sumac. Edible sumac has red fruit borne in terminal clusters. Grows aggressively from suckers. Reduce the watering frequency gradually to get them used to dryer conditions. This plant is moderately resistant to damage from deer. Poison sumac has loose clusters of white berries that emerge from between the leaves. The fruit is persistent on the shrub into winter. One of the easiest shrubs to identify throughout the year (unless mistaken for poison sumac, in the absence of mature fruit), smooth sumac has a spreading, open-growing shrub growing up to 3 m (9.8 ft) tall, rarely to 5 m (16 ft). Read our Commitment to Diversity | Read our Privacy Statement. Plant Type: Shrubs. NC State University and N.C. A&T State University work in tandem, along with federal, state and local governments, to This and other species of true sumac usually grow in pure stands that propagate themselves by rhizomes. of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Both species grow well in containers, where they stay much smaller. View our Resource Guide of garden centers, seed sources, landscapers, education resources, and more! Shrubs are separate male and female so both are needed for fruiting. Sumac trees are very easy to grow and maintain. You may unsubscribe at any time. In summer large panicles of tiny flowers appear and are followed by clusters of red drupes in summer to fall that persist into winter. If you live in the western half of the United States, or you can’t find any sumac growing nearby, it’s very easy to grow your own. The thick branches are hairy and resemble the velvety antlers of a male deer (stag), hence the common name of “staghorn.” Clusters o… Along Interstate 40 between Conway and Fort Smith are half-acre size thickets where the various colonies abut against one another, showing slightly different plant heights, flowering time and fall foliage colors. Three common species grown in the United States are staghorn sumac, fragrant sumac, and smooth sumac. Both grow 10 to 15 feet tall with a similar width and have bright red fall colors. Sumac does best on well-drained sites and will not tolerate flooding. Female plants produce scarlet, hairy terminal fruits in summer and persistent into winter. Growing Conditions: Sumac is commonly found on abandoned farmland, near old homesteads or along fence-rows. Their thicket-forming growth make them good for parking lot and highway-median plantings. It's for this reason that native varieties can be found growing in large colonies in nearly every part of the United States from Maine to Washington, and as far south as Texas. “Sumacs come in suitable sizes for all gardens. Harvesting your own sumac berries is easy. Eleven to 31 leaflets are arranged in opposite pairs along a stalk which grows 30 to 50 centimetres long. The staghorn sumac (Rhus typhina) is a loosely formed shrub or weedy tree of fast growth rate, which means it grows at least 24 inches in a season, sometimes more. Scientists found residues of the native plant in an ancient pipe. If you'd like, you can rejuvenate these shrubs by cutting them back to the ground midwinter, however, this is not necessary to maintain a healthy bush. Poison Ivy is very common in Southeast Wisconsin mostly in hedgerows or on the edges of woods, but sometimes is even found in the understory of open woodlands. Compound (Pinnately , Bipinnately, Palmately). It prefers full sun but will grow under light shading. Bark on older wood is smooth and grey to brown. Smooth sumac and staghorn sumac are fantastic plants for four-season interest. Sumacs are hardy, tough plant that is easy to grow and have few pests to contend with. Staghorn sumac grows wild throughout the Great Plains and the eastern half of the United States. Check out the Grow Native! Sumacs are tolerant of slightly acid soil conditions and soil textures ranging from coarse to fine. Using: When the Staghorn and Smooth Sumac berry clusters are ripe, pick two or three clusters off the plant, take home and remove the outer, healthy looking berries into a bowl, pour warm, but not boiling water over them. Poison Sumac looks similar to Smooth Sumac but only grows in swamps where Smooth Sumac doesn’t grow. They generally need a lot of space where they can be allowed to spread and form colonies. Remove suckers to prevent unwanted spread. N.C. Box 200 Columbia, MO 65205 Phone: (888) 843-6739 | General Inquiries: [email protected]
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The Missouri Prairie Foundation is a 501(c)3 organization. Plant them out… These leaflets hang down, have serrations (teeth) along the edges and turn a radiant red or orange in the fall. Older shrub's bark is brownish-gray, horizontally fissured, and slightly warty. Naturalize along the edge of a woodland. It’s also easy to differentiate between poison sumac and edible sumacs. The glossy green leaves turn purple-red to orange in autumn. Usually grows in masses and suckers profusely. Some 1,400 years ago, people living in what's now Washington State were smoking smooth sumac, Rhus glabra. The brilliant red fall foliage becomes a focal point in the landscape. Cut plants to ground every 2-3 years to reduce height. Tends to spread aggressively. as defined by the USDA Plant Hardiness Zone Map; (hardiness zones are not recorded for all Grow Native! This native but sometimes aggressive shrub occurs in clumps or colonies and spreads by seeds and rootstocks. It is a larval host plant for Red-Banded Hairstreak (Calycopis cecrops) which has two broods a year from April-October. Click the photos to learn more, or call our plant experts at (888) 864-7663. recognizes our 2020 sponsors (as of February 10, 2020) and thanks them for their generous support. The stems and branches are hairless and covered with a whitish waxy coating. Winged sumac—which is also known by a variety of other common names, including dwarf sumac, flameleaf sumac, and shining sumac—is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub or small tree that thrives in dry soils in open areas where it often forms large colonies. In general, it is too weedy to use in the average landscape so it is best utilized in naturalized areas or on slopes to help control erosion. Smooth sumac is a native plant found throughout the eastern United States. All three of these have clusters of fuzzy red berries that grow tightly together, a very distinctive feature. Narrowed or rounded at the base and sharply pointed at the tip with sharply toothed edges. Fall and winter are its real time to shine, though. Learn about the Native Environment(s) inhabited by the plants in this database. Sumacs grow as open, spreading shrubs or small trees. It is found in most regions of NC. Rhus glabra. It is adaptable to most soil types except wet ones and tolerates sun to partial shade. Affordable and search from millions of royalty free images, photos and vectors.