Dark green leaves generally turning rich scarlet, orange & yellow in the autumn followed by blue-black fruit. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. An American tree, which they call Tupelo, that is chiefly grown in this country for its spectacular autumn colours. Blackgum is a stately, medium-sized hardwood tree extremely desirable for its spectacular scarlet fall foliage and its wildlife appeal. Bees love the flowers of tupelo gum (tupelo honey is sold throughout the South). Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. Latin name. ft., 39.59. Clay tolerant. Grows best on well-drained, light-textured soils. The name "tupelo" is used primarily in the American South; northward and in Appalachia, the tree is more commonly called the black gum or the sour gum, although no part of the plant is particularly gummy. Soil Type: Likes soils that get consistently wet, but don't stay permanently wet. Black Gum is easily grown in medium to wet soils and can tolerate poorly drained soils and standing water. Price £ 95. Blackgum, Nyssa sylvatica. There are from one to three fruits together on a long slender stalk. Nyssa sylvatica is a beautiful shade tree with a fairly uniform rounded pyramidal habit. Nyssa sylvatica, the most widely grown species in the UK, was introduced in the 1750s from eastern North America and is known by several common names including Tupelo, Black gum tree, Cotton gum, Pepperidge, and Sour gum tree. Nyssa Tupelo. 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Blackgum has dense foliage, brilliant red fall color, and small blue-black fruit attractive to wildlife. Title: Nyssa sylvatica (Tupelo or the Black Gum Tree) - Fact Sheet Author: Deepdale Trees Ltd Subject: Nyssa sylvatica, also known as tupelo or the Black Gum Tree is a ornamental conical slow growing medium sized tree with horizontal branches. Nyssa sylvatica - Habit. caroliniana (Poir.) Similar varieties worth checking out . Stock. These trees grow best on well-drained, light-textured soils on the low ridges of second bottoms and on the high flats of silty alluvium. Landscape uses Woodland/woods edge Naturalizing Specimen. Fruit Amelanchier Apple Blackberry Blackcurrant Blueberry Cherry Cornus Damson Fig Gooseberry Grape Vine Hazelnut Kiwi ... Nyssa sylvatica is a small or medium sized, broadly columnar, deciduous tree grown for its fantastic autumn colour which is native to parts of North America and Canada. This eventually produces a broad, ovoid, almost round crown. Tupelo gum is similar to black gum (Nyssa sylvatica) except its leaves and fruits are larger. the fruit is fleshy Bark texture the bark of an adult plant is ridged or plated ... Nyssa sylvatica var. Pyrus fauriei Korean Sun™ ('Westwood') Korean Sun™ Pear. Flowers small, unisexual, both sexes often occurring on the same tree. Companion plants: Nyssa sylvatica Figure 1. Nyssa sylvatica 'Wildfire' Growth Rate: Moderate to fast: Mature Height: 40 to 45 ft. Habit Oval Pyramidal. Its leaflets are thinner and less glossy, "with rather long tips, the under surface persistently somewhat downy and covered with minute warty excrescences easily seen under an ordinary hand lens"[5] "Yellow Gum is not a swamp tree, like Black Gum, but an inhabitant of dry land, hills, and the coves of the southern Appalachians which it ascends to 3500 feet"[5]. Great for flooded or boggy sites. Nyssa sylvatica has a USDA winter hardiness zone rating of 5a. Black Gum - Nyssa sylvatica Tupelo Family (Nyssaceae) Introduction: From waxy spring foliage and brilliant fall color to beautiful winter form, the black gum shows great ornamental value. Bark matures to medium gray and resembles alligator hide. The twigs of this tree are reddish-brown, usually hidden by a greyish skin. Fruit Amelanchier Apple Blackberry Blackcurrant Blueberry ... Nyssa sinensis is a lovely small tree with large (up to 15 cm long), narrowly ovate leaves which emerge as a bronze colour in spring. Zones of Hardiness 3 to 9 Height & Width 40 to 60 feet tall, 20 to 30 feet wide Leaf Arrangement Alternate, simple, 3… dilatata Fern. Fruit for wildlife. The species occurs 35 different forest cover types. Nyssa sylvatica grows in various uplands and in alluvial stream bottoms from southwestern Maine and New York, to extreme southern Ontario, central Michigan, Illinois, and central Missouri, south to southern Florida, eastern Texas, and eastern Oklahoma. Help. Comments: Black Tupelo is showiest during the autumn when its leaves assume brilliant colors and some of its fruit is still hanging on the tree. Information from Dichotomous Key of Flora Novae Angliae. Genus. Nyssa sylvatica. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. Its height development ranges from twenty-five to fifty feet and its diam- eter from one to two feet. They come out of the bud conduplicate, coated beneath with rusty tomentum, when full grown are thick, dark green, very shining above, pale and often hairy beneath. Oregon State Univ. Cultivars and their differences. The generic name refers to the beautiful Greek water nymph Nyssa, while sylvatica is Latin and means “of the woods”. Add to cart. Sour Gum has the most unbelievable glossy orange to red fall color. gr., 0.6353; weight of cu. Crown width approx. Nyssa sylvatica, Black Tupelo leaves and unripe fruits (Photo By: Richard Webb / bugwood.org) Black Tupelo (Nyssa sylvatica) , also called black gum tree is a North Eastern American native tree producing edible fruit in the fall. The fruit attracts birds and wildlife. Nyssa. It's also an important bee tree for honey. Fossils of Nyssa's characteristic ribbed seed reveals the presence of these trees in former geological periods and throughout Europe, Asia and North America. Black Tupelo Nyssa sylvatica One of the most attractive native trees around. They can be oval, elliptical, or obovate, and 5–12 cm (2–4.5 in) long. I also like the silvery bark in the winter. [15] The wood's resistance to wear and some acids has led to its use as factory flooring. Nyssa sylvatica. Ovules, one in each cell. [3] Another common name used occasionally in the Northeast is pepperidge.[3]. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a wide range of climates, due to its extensive distribution. See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site, Your email address will not be published. 1). The flowers are very small, in greenish-white in clusters at the top of a long stalk and a rich source or nectar for bees. The fruit is quite marked, dark blue, in clusters of two or three. Charley Winterbauer, April 2012, Wilmington. This page was last edited on 25 October 2020, at 04:56. It also occurs locally in central and southern Mexico. A native to the eastern U.S., Black Gum is noted for its outstanding and consistent fall red color. Slow growing medium to large sized tree of broadly columnar outline. Nyssa Tupelo. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Nyssa sylvatica - Fruit. Black gum is an excellent choice to add autumn color to your garden. The first Nyssa species described was a swamp-growing type. Its flowers are an important source of honey and its fruits are important to many birds and mammals. [7], In the UK the cultivar 'Wisley Bonfire' has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit. Species. You might be used to the fiery autumnal colors that Black Gums are famous for, but the Wildfire Black Gum Tree doesn't just bring those colors to the fall. It is primarily a lowland tree found in low wet woods, bottomlands and pond peripheries, but also can be found on dry rocky wooded slopes and ravines. Photo by David J. Stang. Nyssa aquatica, or Water Tupelo, is a native, large, long-lived deciduous tree in the tupelo genus that inhabits deep river or coastal swamps in the Southeastern United States that are usually flooded most of the year. It's also an important bee tree for honey. 00. Black Tupelo could be a difficult tree to identify. Nyssa sylvatica. Even its lustrous green summer leaves are outstanding. Needs sheltered site. Ovoid, two-thirds of an inch long, dark blue, acid. The fruit is up to 15mm in diameter and is borne in small clusters of 2 - 3. THE Black Gum occurs rather commonly throughout Massachusetts, where it inhabits the borders of swamps and streams. Botanical Name Nyssa sylvatica Common Name(s) Black tupelo; blackgum Light and Soil Requirement Sun to partial shade; prefers moist, well-drained soil; provide shelter from wind. Mature Spread: 25 to 30 ft. [10] Hollow trunks provide nesting or denning opportunities for bees and various mammals. The fruit are small and dark blue and are enjoyed by a whole host of East coast songbirds. It is claimed to be the most fiery and brilliant of the 'brilliant group' that includes maple, dogwood, sassafras, and sweet gum, as well as various species of tupelo. The narrowly oval, dark glossy green leaves turn to give a magnificent display of red oranges and yellows in the autumn. Nyssa sylvatica is found in a variety of upland and wetland habitats in its extensive range. Prefers acid soil. Native Americans did not engage in the selective breeding of fruit trees as much as Europeans. It foliage is oval, not unlike beech, changing from green to a fiery red/purple in autumn. Blackgum, Sourgum, Tupelo, Black Tupelo, Tupelo gum, Pepperridge . Sour Gum’s ecological niche is very interesting in that it grows in wetlands and on ridge tops. Black Tupelo is hardy to zone 3, has great fall foliage and delicious fruits, find one or plant one for a great addition to your foraging ventures. Cultivars and their differences. Charley Winterbauer, April 2012, Wilmington. Nyssa sylvatica - Habit, Fall Interest. Will do well in well drained soil that is high in organic matter: Sun Exposure: Full sun: Zone: 5 to 9 Also known as Nyssa sylvatica var. This resistance to splitting led to its use for making mauls, pulleys, wheel hubs, agricultural rollers, bowls, and paving blocks. October. campus: row on the north side of the sports field south of Crop Science and along the Campus Way side of Kelley Engineering Center. Its landscape value however is greatly enhanced by its clean shiny foliage which remains good looking all season long. Its wood, which is very strong, was used in colonial times for water pipes. Most trees would grow in one area or the other, but not both. It is native in a huge area of western North America from Ontario to the borders of Mexico. For comparison, mature trees are largely left alone. The sour fruits are eagerly sought by many kinds of birds, including: American robin, Swainson's thrush, gray-cheeked thrush, hermit thrush, wood thrush, northern cardinal, northern mockingbird, blue jay, red-bellied woodpecker, yellow-bellied sapsucker, northern flicker, pileated woodpecker, eastern phoebe, brown thrasher, eastern bluebird, European starling, scarlet tanager, gray catbird, cedar waxwing, and American crow,[citation needed] all primarily eastern North American birds migrating or residing year-round within the tree's range. Other names. Entirely wanting in sterile flower. Wood is used for crates, broom handles and floors. sylvatica April-June Sept-Oct Sept-Nov N. sylvatica late March- var. and fruit. Its fall color alone makes it a highly desired landscape plant. sylvatica grows on moist sites; var. Nyssa sylvatica - Leaves. The leaves are short-petioled and so have little individual motion, but the branches sway as a whole.

nyssa sylvatica fruit

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