Most of the time, the short vowels are not written on each word because the pronunciation of the word is understood from the context and also because it is time consuming to write them on each word. Introduction. I am from Yemen. Here are more examples of orthographically similar words that are disambiguated by diacritical marks: For more language learning advice, free resources, and information about how we can help you reach your language goals, select the most relevant newsletter(s) for you and sign up below. distinct vowel qualities, Arabic is also exceptional in that it is well below that of the . I have included advice for … - A little lopped symbol like a small wāw always placed over the Arabic Letter. In Arabic there are 8 diacritic markings. IMPORTANT NOTE: The long vowels have the same writing properties (start, middle, end; attachment or not) as the following letters: This Arabic lesson is now completed. We shall learn the long vowel-marks in a later lesson In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). Enter the answer length or the answer pattern to get better results. Short Vowel Marks - kasratain In this lesson we will cover the /Kasratain/ which makes the 'in' sound In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). Stay updated with our latest offers, latest blog posts, and promotions. So This application will cure the drawback of android keyboards... Arabic Vowel Marks ( Tashkeel Or Harakat ) In arabic it is حركات او حركة.. Reading Arabic fluently without harakat (Vowel marks) بسم الله الرَّحْمَنِ الرَّحِيمِ . It not only provides vowel sounds but… FEATURES - Type all harkaats - Type with some useful symbols. I am a language teacher. We have previously seen short vowels and tanween in Arabic.. Long vowel marks represent the following sounds You might have heard of long vowels and short vowels as a feature of languages such as Finnish, Japanese, or Ancient Greek. - Used to indicate regularity when placed over the last letter of a word. Thus, they are formed from three letters: Alif, Waw, and Ya. Like English, Arabic vowels can be separated into brief vowels and long vowels. These words have the same component letters, and the only difference between them is the diacritical marks which make them three completely different words with respect to meaning. ذَ كُ رَ ذَكُرَ. The three vowels /a/, /i/, and /o/ are represented by fatHah, kasrah, and Dhammah, respectively. Right now it is appearing as an initial form, correctly interpreting the previous non-connector, but mis-interpreting the Arabic … Although there are letters which represent vowels, they are used only to represent long vowels. The vowel marks which are used for short vowels. Furthermore, they also include waw و, alif ا and ya (ي). Almaany. Unified … Now, you should be wondering about the letter "Hamza" that was the last letter in the table back in lesson 1, well.. this lesson is all about it:The "Hamza" is one of the three kinds of vowels in Arabic (vowel marks were explained in the previous lesson).It may be the most complicated subject in Arabic scripting, I think that it needs a tutorial on its own (even some Arab natives can't get it right in dictation in some cases). So "alphabet" might not be the best way to describe the Arabic letters and abjad is used instead (الأَبْجَدِيَّة العَرَبِيَّة, al-abjadīyah al-ʻarabīyah, the Arabic abjad). Some information on how the characters shoul… The Arabic writing system was still in development during the time of Muhammad, so the Qur'an was originally written without today's diacritical marks.These were added years after the final Qur'anic revelation and Muhammad's subsequent death.The problem with … But I suggest that you learn how to read with them until you reach a level where you’re comfortable without … In addition to improving his/her pronunciation, it leads to faster and more enjoyable learning. Arabic vocalization or تشكيل (tashkeel) is used to indicate the short vowels (a, i, u) that are usually not written in Arabic.There are three short vowel sings or حركات (harakaat) and a few more additional signs to indicate the absence of a vowel, the prolongation of an alif and the double pronunciation of a consonant. To learn more, you can also visit my website Ibnulyemen Arabic or my facebook page. This post provides you with the basic information that you need to know about diacritical marks in Arabic. However, English also features length in its vowels, though in a subtler way. The sukuun, which is place over the letter, simply indicates the absence of the three short vowels. The answer was SHE as in she wants to talk. Spell. So when you read one Qur'anic verse in Arabic, you don't pronounce the last vowel mark. Closely related to the Arabic vowel marks is the diacritic indicating the absence of a vowel after the base consonant. The Indic virama ( ् etc.) Nowadays, we are going into brief vowel marks in Arabic counting the Arabic fatha, kasra, damma, and sukoon. Not only would we be pronouncing some of the words wrong we could also be … Fatḥah َـ The fatḥah 〈ﺔَﺤْﺘَﻓ〉 is a small diagonal line placed above a letter, and represents a short /a/. By only using consonants, the reader has to fill in the appropriate vowels. Hebrew and Arabic also indicate consonant doubling and change with diacritics; Hebrew and Devanagari use them for foreign sounds. The use of Arabic diacritical marks has risen in the last century, with Islamic Scholarship growing in the West, we find many new books, translations, research papers, articles or even blog posts often consist of Arabic macrons. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. The ARABIC SUKUN is the normal mark … The three long vowels are considered as letters in their full right and feature as such in the alphabet: ā = ا, ū = و, ī = ي. a sequence of two similar sounds. There are three vowels in Arabic called ḥarakāt (حَرَكَات), which literally means “movements”. Today we Learn Arabic Harakat or Tashkeel, Fatha, Kasrah, Damma. In the same way a word cannot be made in the English language without one of the 5 vowels… - … Let’s take a look at an example. (Ex. (For those vowels whose keys are not assigned to any other letters, you can also type the vowel mark without pressing Control). We would like to enlighten our readers on grammatical problems in the Arabic Qur'an, mainly diacritical marks. In Arabic, diacritical marks are used for: Ḥurūf-e-maddah for which a hyphen-like symbol is added on top of the letter. Your email address will not be published. The courses will cover in depth grammar, literature and conversational practice,will be start from the Fundamentals of Arabic Language. That is, singular nouns that occur in an object position are assign the tanween of fatH (fatHah); those that occur in a subject position are assign the tanween of DHamm (DHammah); and those that occur after a preposition are assigned the tanween of kasr (kasrah), as in these examples: قَرَأَ مُحَمَّدٌ كِتَابًا. It's a game that enriches the books and curriculum of Dar Al-Manhal. Click the answer to find similar crossword clues. Generally the only answer is what happened historically. I … Closely related to the Arabic vowel marks is the diacritic indicating the absence of a vowel after the base consonant. These vowel derivatives fall into three categories: double vowels, long vowels, and diphthongs. The double vowel-marks signs are an extension of the single vowel-marks. Also many Arabic words consist of only consonant letters and the vowels are added by diacritics. The … rahʹ, meaning “the Masters of Tradition”) established a system of vowel points and accent marks. Created by. Two major types of Arabic script existed early on. This post provides you with the basic information that you need to know about diacritical marks in Arabic. In the same way a word cannot be made in the English language without one of the 5 vowels (a, e, i, o or u), in Arabic one cannot make a word without a vowel being used. The ARABIC SUKUN is the normal mark for this purpose, and appears as a “ring” diacritic. We previously studied in our series of alphabet... Introduction In the previous lesson to learn Ar... Introduction In this 8th lesson to learn Arabic... Introduction In this 7th lesson, to learn the A... Introduction Welcome to our 5th lesson of the A... Stay updated with all latest updates,upcoming events & much more. We have previously seen short vowels and tanween in Arabic.. Long vowel marks represent the following sounds They are nouns, but one occurs in the subject position, one in the object-of-verb position, and one in the object-of-preposition position. We see that the long vowel marks are in fact similar to the short vowels sound, but it is lengthened during pronunciation. Vowel marks—which are not always used in written Arabic—may be obtained by pressing the Control key with a vowel, after the letter to which the vowel mark is attached. It's a game that enriches the books and curriculum of Dar Al-Manhal. Arabic Vowel Marks and Diacritics; Character Name Character Entity Hex Entity; ARABIC FATHATAN ً ً ً: ARABIC DAMMATAN ٌ ٌ ٌ: ARABIC KASRATAN ٍ ٍ ٍ: ARABIC FATHA َ َ َ: ARABIC DAMMA ُ ُ ُ: ARABIC KASRA ِ … The short vowel-marks enable the letter to make a sound in a similar way to the English language. A- Short Vowels. Looking at the last line in the table, the meaning of these three words is the same, that is ‘peace’. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. For a person who is familiar or even fluent with the language a few words might become ambiguous. … These short vowels are the fatHah الفَتْحَة, the kasrah الكَسْرَة, and the DHammah الضَّمَّة. bb, dd, etc. This will make us wonder what will happen for the other two short … Vowel Marks and Diacritics. In everyday use short vowels are not written in Arabic, so the reader must be familiar with the language to understand the missing vowels. The difference between these words is either in meaning or grammar, in addition to pronunciation. The "Hamza" which will be explained in the last lesson. Asalamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakatuhu. Moreover, in an abjad, the letters represent consonants and leave it up the reader, to decide where the … For example in بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمٰنِ الرَّحِيْمِ (b-ismi-llāhi r-raḥmāni r-raḥīmi) the last "i" is … Write. Please check your inbox for your confirmation email. These vowel signs provide information in regards to the correct pronunciation to both native and foreign Arabic readers.The short vowel marks enable the letter to produce a sound in a manner similar to the vowels (a, e, i, o, u) in the English language. Match. the three short vowels (Harakaat) are … Terms in this set (56) ذُ كِ رَ ذُكِرَ. The sukoon indicates that the letter on which it is placed has no vowel. ذَ كَ رَ ذَكَرَ. It is therefore hardly surprising that the vowel-consonant ratio (the number of vowels divided by the number of consonants) is also quite uncommon in Arabic… This Application will help you to Type arabic with Harkats and some symbols. Gravity. First, the vowels are not letters. حُ كِ مَ حُكِمَ. When you’re traveling to an Arab-speaking country, you’ll find that there’s no transliteration on street signs. Abjad is a writing system that doesn’t use vowels. Required fields are marked *. Fatḥah َـ The fatḥah 〈ﺔَﺤْﺘَﻓ〉 is a small diagonal line placed above a letter, and represents a short /a/.The word fatḥah itself (ﺔَﺤْﺘَﻓ) means opening, and … Abu al-Aswad ad-Du'ali added points or marks in the moshaf copies to mark some vowels and intonation one could even say that he was guided by Ali ibn abi Talib (). ), reflecting the presence of the Arabic diacritic mark shaddah, which marks lengthened consonants. It is normally a sequence of two identical letters, the first with sukuun and the second with a short vowel. In our new lesson, we discuss the absence of vowel – the […], Your email address will not be published. Q: How and when were the diacritical marks and vowel symbols introduced in the Qur’an? Awesome! If you are interested, do not hesitate to consult us. Kūfic, a thick, bold, monumental style, was developed in Kūfah, a … They only ever occur at the end of a word and are not often written out. Sometimes there is no entry for a word in Arabic-English, but a match in one of the other languages. It seems the process is recognizing punctuation (specifically the Arabic question mark) as a letter. It is just a mark that tells you to double the letter it is over. Thank you! Flashcards. The most basic of these are the three short vowels—the fatHah, the kasrah, and the DHammah.The fatHah, pronounced as a, and the DHammah, pronounced as u, are put over the letter, while the kasrah, pronounced as i, is put below it.The sukuun, which is place over the letter, simply indicates the absence of the three short vowels.For an … The basic Arabic alphabet contains 28 letters. jw2019. Al-dirassa center offers you the possibility to study the Arabic language easily with a qualified teacher. Arabic diacritics 2 Harakat (short vowel marks) The ḥarakāt, which literally means 'motions', are the short vowel marks.There is some ambiguity as to which tashkīl are also ḥarakāt; the tanwīn, for example, are markers for both vowels and consonants. Meanwhile, the shaddah represent a geminated letter, i.e. I will focus on Modern Standard Arabic. The first word سَلِمَ salima means ‘to be secure’, the second سَلَّمَ sallama means ‘to surrender’, and the third سِلْمٌ silmun means ‘peace’. In Arabic, there are 3 short vowel-marks. Think of the difference in vowel length between “city” and “clean.” To mark a vowel as long, linguists use a colon-like symbol. But that doesn’t ignore their significance. This is a mark called HAMZA - … It does, however, have full vowel marks for the Arabic words. In basic Arabic, one does not need to know the usage of tanween, only be able to recognize them. Such consonants are held twice as long as short consonants. This is not the same as a double letter in English. The Crossword Solver found 20 answers to the Vowel mark crossword clue. The Arabic Alphabet: Vowels. We will cover the … In this case, Shadda is not a vowel sound. Short Vowels: There are three short vowel signs that are known in Arabic as “Harakaat”, which literally means ‘motions’. A common question I get asked by students is "How can I read and understand Arabic fluently without the harakat (Vowel marks)?". An excellent dictionary resource that has a huge corpus of Arabic words and English meanings, Almaany is … You should also keep in mind that the vowel Fatḥa we had on top of the moving letter is written this time on top of the Shadda sign. For somebody who isn't good enough at Arabic even the vowel marks are irrelevant, as they would make mistakes in the recitation I've really heard some awful misinterpretations even by Imams of non-Arabic people! When the vowel like the long EE comes at the end of the word the full letter Y with its dots is written . We shall learn the long vowel-marks in a later lesson In-Shā’-Allâh (God willing). Apart from English it also translates from/to Turkish, French and German. Start studying Arabic Words with Mixed Vowel Marks - Reading Practice. It will probably come as little surprise to most students that this process will take years and years of dedicated study. The different between them is in the tanween, which indicates the function of the word in a sentence. Whats this word ? A set of diacritical marks developed in the 8th century ce are sometimes used to represent short vowels and certain grammatical endings otherwise left unmarked. In the same way a word cannot be made in the English language without one of the 5 vowels (a, e, i, o or u), in Arabic one cannot make a word without a vowel being used. The short vowel-marks enable the letter to make a sound in a similar way to the English language. Like English, Arabic vowels can be divided into short vowels and long vowels. For an illustration, if we add these four diacritical marks to the letter ف, here is how it will be pronounced: The shaddah indicates the doubling of a letter. So, you’ve mastered the letters of the Arabic alphabet? This is a good reason why you should learn the Arabic alphabet. The tanween looks like a doubling of the short vowels, and really just adds an "n" or ن sound to the end of the word. In this 4th lesson to learn the Arabic alphabet for free, we will see that the Arabic language words use long vowel marks. Depending on the accent marks on top of consonants, the pronunciation changes with the vowel. Arabic vowels for … The Crossword Solver finds answers to American-style crosswords, British-style crosswords, general knowledge crosswords and cryptic crossword puzzles. #learnlatin hubs.ly/H0BH_nm0, Romantic comedy, veteran actress win big at Chinese-language 'Oscars' reut.rs/335MnXE. Fatḥah (َ) on a letter before an alif sākin (اْ) = Ā/ā Ḍammah (ُ) on a letter before a wāw sākin (وْ) = Ū/ū Please click on the letters to hear how they will sound with the /Kasratain/. Rather, they are diacritical marks that are placed over or below regular consonant letters. For a person who can read Arabic, but don't understand it well, it would be the same. In this 4th lesson to learn the Arabic alphabet for free, we will see that the Arabic language words use long vowel marks. Cantillation marks indicate prosody . The harakaat حركات are short vowels in Arabic and they are small marks written on top of consonants. show the correct pronunciation. In Arabic, there are 3 short vowel-marks. There were no dots above or below the letters either. Arabic Reading Course Short Vowel Marks - FATĦATAIN. vowels in Arabic are the fatHah الفَتْحَة, the kasrah الكَسْرَة, and the DHammah الضَّمَّة. Vowels in Arabic. ظَ لُ مَ ظَلُمَ. These code points are listed for informational purposes only.It is generally recommended that you use a text editor which can work with Arabic type whenever possible instead of these numeric codes. The most basic of these are the three short vowels—the fatHah, the kasrah, and the DHammah. Today, we are going into short vowel marks in Arabic including the Arabic fatha, kasra, damma, and sukoon. For people … The Double Vowel-Marks: The double vowel-marks signs are an extension of the single vowel-marks. The Quran's Dilemma. A double letter in English like the “tt” in bottle does not exist in Arabic. Devanagari and related abugidas also use a diacritical mark called a virama to mark the absence of a vowel. Let’s consider the first three words in the first line in the table. The literal meaning of تَشْكِيل tashkīl is 'forming'. Please see the letters below. In addition, there are two other essential marks: the sukuun السُّكُون and the shaddah الشَّدَّة. We are also learning how to write tanween for all of them: Arabic double vowels. Because Arabic is a cursive script, letter forms change position depending on their position within a word and on other factors (such as which letters are adjacent. Listings may also be incomplete – check the latest Unicode chartsto look for any additions to these blocks. حَ كَ مَ حَكَمَ. In this week's episode of Coffee Break French To Go, we ask French native speakers, "As-tu dé… twitter.com/i/web/status/1… Retweeted by Transparent Language, Latin is very much alive in Transparent Language Online! The double vowel signs add the '-n' sound to the single vowel. دَ هَ نَ دَهَنَ. D. Newman – Arabic Phonetics : Sound Descriptions Page 2 of 6 mean (8.7%), with only 5.4% of languages in UPSID having three vowel qualities. STUDY. These short vowels are the fatHah الفَتْحَة, the kasrah الكَسْرَة, and the DHammah الضَّمَّة. A less common diacritical mark is the tanween التَّنْوِيْن. There was no distinction between letters of the Arabic alphabets of similar shape and there were no vowel marks. The above table includes all the diacritical marks in Arabic. The above table includes all the diacritical marks in Arabic. Vowel marks. and the Arabic sukūn ( ـْـ ) mark the absence of vowels. In addition, Devanagari uses the moon-dot chandrabindu (ँ ). The first three marks represent the vowels system in Arabic. In this 4th lesson to learn the Arabic alphabet for free, we will see that the Arabic language words use long vowel marks. D. Newman – Arabic Phonetics : Sound Descriptions Page 2 of 6 mean (8.7%), with only 5.4% of languages in UPSID having three vowel qualities. Just getting started with a new alphabet or writing system? vowel translate: حَرْف مُتَحَرِّك. Damma is an apostrophe-like shape written above the … The practice was probably borrowed from the Syriac script. دُ هِ نَ دُهِنَ. In Urdu (and probably some other languages), this form is known as JAZM. In some styles of calligraphy, it is written as a “rotated v” or “hat” shape, with the open side facing either to the left or downwards. PLAY. For instance, the letter م with a shaddah will be written and pronounced in four different ways, as in this example: The tanween is a derivation from the three short vowels, so it has three shapes: two fatHah on top of each other ً, pronounced as an, two kasrah on top of each other ٍ, pronounced as in, and two DHammah ٌ next to each other, pronounced as un. According to Islamic sources, there were not many literate persons in Mecca during the time of the Prophet, and the Arabic of the period did not use vowel symbols or diacritics to distinguish between the consonants that are similar in form. We have previously seen short vowels and tanween in Arabic. It is similar to the haček ( ˇ ), whose name includes the inverted pointed circumflex over the 'c,' that is used in Baltic and Slavonic languages to indicate a change in pronunciation (the last name of the … Is Arabic an Abjad? Now you’re ready to move on to the vowels. Most of the time, the short vowels are not written on each word because the pronunciation of the word is understood from the context and also because it is time consuming to write them on each word. It is therefore hardly surprising that the vowel-consonant ratio (the number of vowels divided by the number of consonants) is also quite uncommon in Arabic, with 0.1 being more … They can be both short and long. An educational game that aims to teach children the Arabic alphabet and vowelization in writing and pronunciation, and testing them. In addition, there are two other essential marks: the sukuun السُّكُون and the shaddah الشَّدَّة. The breve ( ˘ ) is the rounded curved mark that is used by some dictionaries in pronunciations to indicate that a vowel is short, as in \kŭt\ for cut, or in poetic scansion to show that a syllable is unstressed in verse. Vowels, in all dialects (that we know of), are much less in number than consonants. As you’ve already learned Arabic, the Arabic alphabet is not really an alphabet, but is what is known as an abjad – a type of writing system that uses symbols or “glyphs” instead of letters. It serves the same purpose as furigana (also called "ruby") in Japanese or pinyin or zhuyin in Mandarin Chinese for children who are learning to read or foreign learners. - Auto Saving and loading when reopen - Best Editor with useful action keys - Simple and perfect - Will put some more letters to this ia. Other uses include the Early Cyrillic titlo stroke ( ҃ ) and the Hebrew gershayim ( ״ ), which, respectively, mark abbreviations or acronyms , and Greek diacritical marks… However, in editions of the Qurʼan and in didactic works, vocalization marks are used. When reading the transliteration of any language it may be more difficult than it seems. ‘Mohammed read a book’, قَرَأَ مُحَمَّدٌ مِنْ كِتَابٍ جَدِيْدٍ. Answering “why” for language questions is difficult. This is part 6 of a series on Arabic for beginners. Arabic At Your Hands | 4 Levels - 8 books | Al arabiya bayna yadaik - العربــية بـيـن يد يــك, Arabic at our children hands - al arabiya bayna yaday awladina - student -13 books, Arabic At Your Hands | Level 4 Part 1 & 2 | Al arabiya bayna yadaik - العربــية بـيـن يد يــك, Arabic At Your Hands | Level 3 Part 1 & 2 | Al arabiya bayna yadaik -العربــية بـيـن يد يــك, Arabic At Your Hands | Level 2 Part 1 & 2 | Al arabiya bayna yadaik -العربــية بـيـن يد يــك, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_1.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_2.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_3.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_4.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_5.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_6.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_7.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_8.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_9.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_10.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_11.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_12.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_13.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_14.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_15.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_16.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_17.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_18.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_19.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_20.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_21.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_22.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_23.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_24.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_25.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_26.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_27.mp3, https://en.al-dirassa.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/12/arabic_alphabet_free_course_4_28.mp3, The Shaddah | Arabic Free course | lesson 6, Tanween | The double vowel marks | lesson 3, Short vowels marks | Arabic alphabet free course | lesson 2, Tanween | The double vowel marks | lesson 3 - Al-dirassa, Sukoon | Arabic Free course | lesson 5 - Al-dirassa, The Shaddah | Arabic Free course | lesson 6 - Al-dirassa, Reading practice| Arabic Free course | lesson 8 - Al-dirassa, Reading practice| Arabic Free course | lesson 8, Joined form of Arabic letters| Arabic Free course | lesson 7.